Beginners’ Guide: 3 Easy Steps to Perfect Your Breaststroke

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If you’re a beginner looking to perfect your breaststroke, one of the most popular swimming techniques, you’ve come to the right place. In this beginners’ guide, we will walk you through three easy steps to help you improve your breaststroke. Let’s get started!

person swimming breaststroke in a pool

Step 1: Body Position and Floating

Before you start perfecting your breaststroke, it’s important to establish the correct body position and be able to float comfortably in the water. Follow these steps to begin:

  1. Relax: Stand in shallow water, take a deep breath, and relax your body. Allow it to float naturally.
  2. Head Position: Keep your head in a neutral position, looking straight ahead. Avoid tilting your head up or down.
  3. Body Alignment: Align your body horizontally with the water’s surface. Your body should be straight, with your hips at the water’s surface.
  4. Floating: Gradually lean forward until your body is horizontal. Extend your arms in front of you and kick your legs gently to maintain balance and float.
  5. Practice Floating: Spend some time practicing floating without any movement. This will help you develop a sense of balance and relaxation in the water.

Step 2: Arm Movements

Once you’re comfortable with floating, it’s time to focus on the arm movements involved in breaststroke. Follow these steps to improve your arm technique:

  1. Starting Position: Begin with your arms extended in front of you, shoulder-width apart. Your palms should be facing downward.
  2. Pull Phase: Simultaneously pull both arms towards your chest in a sweeping motion. Imagine you’re hugging a big beach ball. Your hands should end up near your chest, with your elbows pointing outwards.
  3. Recovery Phase: After completing the pull phase, extend your arms forward again, keeping them close to the water’s surface. This movement is similar to pushing the beach ball away from your body.
  4. Timing: Coordinate your arm movements with your leg kicks. As your arms pull towards your chest, your legs should be preparing to kick.

Step 3: Leg Movements and Kicking

Now that you’ve improved your arm movements, it’s time to focus on the leg technique for breaststroke. Follow these steps to enhance your leg movements:

  1. Starting Position: Begin with your legs extended behind you, toes pointed outward, and legs close together.
  2. Leg Kick: Bend your knees and bring your heels towards your buttocks, forming a frog-like shape with your legs. Simultaneously, part your legs sideways, pushing the water backward.
  3. Recovery Phase: After completing the kick, bring your legs back together, straightening them behind you. This movement prepares you for the next kick.
  4. Timing: Coordinate your leg movements with your arm strokes. As your arms pull towards your chest, your legs should be kicking outwards. As your arms recover, your legs should be preparing for the next kick.

By following these three easy steps, beginners can perfect their breaststroke technique and enjoy the benefits of this enjoyable swimming style. Remember to practice regularly and seek guidance from a qualified swimming instructor for personalized feedback and support.

So, grab your swimsuit, head to the pool, and perfect your breaststroke today!


1. How long does it take to master breaststroke as a beginner?

The time it takes to master breaststroke as a beginner can vary depending on various factors such as individual learning abilities, practice frequency, and guidance from a qualified instructor. With consistent practice and dedication, beginners can generally expect to see progress within a few weeks to a few months.

2. Can breaststroke be learned without any prior swimming experience?

Yes, breaststroke can be learned without any prior swimming experience. However, it’s important to start with the basics, such as floating and body positioning, before progressing to the specific breaststroke techniques. Seeking guidance from a swimming instructor can greatly aid in the learning process for beginners.

3. Are there any common mistakes beginners should avoid while learning breaststroke?

Yes, there are a few common mistakes beginners should be aware of and try to avoid while learning breaststroke. Some of these include lifting the head too high, kicking too forcefully, crossing the arms during the pull phase, and failing to maintain a horizontal body position. Seeking feedback from a swimming instructor can help identify and correct these mistakes.

4. Can breaststroke help improve cardiovascular fitness?

Yes, breaststroke is an excellent swimming technique that can help improve cardiovascular fitness. It engages multiple muscle groups, including the chest, arms, legs, and core, making it a great form of aerobic exercise. Regular practice of breaststroke can contribute to increased stamina, endurance, and overall cardiovascular health.

5. Are there any specific drills or exercises to improve breaststroke technique?

Yes, there are several drills and exercises that can help improve breaststroke technique. Some examples include practicing arm movements with a kickboard, using a pull buoy to isolate arm movements, incorporating dolphin kick drills, and performing sculling exercises to improve arm coordination. These drills and exercises can be incorporated into a training routine to enhance breaststroke proficiency.

6. Can breaststroke be beneficial for individuals with joint or muscle injuries?

Yes, breaststroke can be beneficial for individuals with joint or muscle injuries, as it is a low-impact swimming technique. The fluid and controlled movements involved in breaststroke put minimal stress on the joints, making it a suitable option for rehabilitation or individuals with joint-related issues. However, it’s always recommended to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any exercise routine.

7. Can I compete in breaststroke events as a beginner swimmer?

Yes, beginners can participate in breaststroke events at various levels, including local swim meets and recreational competitions. It’s a great way to test your skills, set goals, and challenge yourself. However, it’s important to remember that competitive swimming requires consistent training, technique refinement, and familiarity with competition rules. Seeking guidance from a swimming coach can help you prepare for competitive events.